KERALA INFO: Music of Kerala

Home > Kerala Info

Music of Kerala

by by V.A.Ponmelil (All rights reserved by the author)  (Feedback)



Kerala's music is known as Sopanam. Sangeetam (Music) appears to have acquired its name from the 'Sopanam' which means 'Sanctum Sanctorum' of the temple. Its essential features were born out of a happy blending of the vedic, the folk and tribal music of the region.

The structure of the Sopanam music is believed to reflect the experience of the devotee in ascending the heights of devotion. Sopanam music developed and became popular through the practice of singing invocatory songs in front of the 'Kalam' of Kali meaning the floor drawing of Kali and later on at the sanctum of the temple.

There are a few powerful schools connected with the temples like Pazhoor, Tiumandhamkunnu, Guruvayoor, Ramamangalam. Neralattu Rama Poduval of Tirumandhamkunnu bani, Janardhanan Nedungadi of Guruvayoor, Damodara Marar belonging to the Mudiyettu bant of Pazhoor are some of the most effective experts.

The music system had rejuvenation when 'Geet Govindam' was introduced to Kerala in the local musical mould during the14th and 15th centuries A.D.  It was certainly a revival of the Pattu School of music which was preserved in the devotional tyanis.

The musician is inspired by the particular time, when the offering is made to the deity and he selects ragas which is most suited for that time. Such ragas are known as Samaya (time) ragas because time is the deciding factor in singing. The singing of tyanis takes its roots from the music of the earliest singers of the land as mentioned in the great text 'Chilappatikaram'.

Some of the rare melodies specially conceived for the purpose of embellishment of certain emotions are 'Pati', Indisa', 'Puraniru', 'Kanakurinji'.

There are certain ragas like 'Sri kandi', 'Desakshi', 'Nalatha' and 'Samantamalahari' used in old devotional songs which produce remarkably fascinating lilt and swing of a local character. The accompanying instruments include the edakka, the maddalam and the chenda.

Kerala Info

Kerala Overview

The Geography of Kerala

The Climate of Kerala

The History of Kerala

The Government of Kerala

Agriculture in Kerala

Crafts of Kerala

Travels of Kerala

Education in Kerala

Art and Culture of Kerala

Kerala, About the Judiciary

Food and Recipes of Kerala

Government Departments

Irrigation Projects in Kerala

Kerala Business and Economy

Kerala Literary Works

Local Self Government

Malayalam, the official language

Population of Kerala

Rivers of Kerala

Kerala, the land of Ayurveda

Fairs and Festivals of Kerala

 

District Information

Alappuzha

Ernakulum

Idukki

Kannur

Kasargod

Kollam

Kottayam

Kozhikode

Malapuram

Palakkad

Pathanamthitta

Thiruvananthapuram

Thrissur

Wayanad

Kerala Dance & Music

Kathakali

Koodiyattom

Koothu

Mohiniyattom

Tribal Dance Forms

Folk Dance Forms

Folk-Dance-Forms-2

Folk-Dance-Forms-3

Folk-Dance-Forms-4

Folk-Dance-Forms-5

Folk-Dance-Forms-6

Folk-Dance-Forms-7

Neo-Classical Dances

More Kerala Dance Forms

Music of Kerala

Folk Songs of Kerala

Swathi Thirunal

 

Travel and Tourism

Alapuzha Travel

Ernakulam Travel

Idukki Travel

Kannur Travel

Kasargod Travel

Kollam Travel

Kottayam Travel

Kozhikode Travel

Malappuram Travel

Palakkad Travel

Pathanamthitta Travel

Thiruvananthapuram

Thrissur Travel

Wayanad Travel

Information on States of India:

Andaman Nicobar | Andhra Pradesh | Assam | Bihar | Chandigarh | Chhattisgarh | Dadar Nagar Haveli | Daman Diu | Delhi | Goa | Gujarat | Haryana | Himachal Pradesh | Jammu Kashmir | Jharkhand | Karnataka | Kerala | Lakshadweep | Madhya Pradesh | Maharashtra | Manipur | Meghalaya | Mizoram | Nagaland | Orissa | Pondicherry | Punjab | Rajasthan | Sikkim | Tamil Nadu | Tripura | Uttar Pradesh | Uttaranchal | West Bengal

INDIA REGIONAL MAPS:

Andhra Pradesh Travel Map | Bihar Travel Map | Goa Travel Map | Gujarat Travel Map | Haryana Travel Map | Himachal Pradesh Map | Karnataka Travel Map | Kerala Travel Map | Maharashtra Travel Map | Punjab Travel Map | Rajasthan Travel Map | Sikkim Travel Map | Tamil Nadu Travel Map | Uttar Pradesh Travel Map | West Bengal Travel Map |

MORE MAPS OF INDIA:

Airports of India | Districts of India | India Pilgrim Centers | Tourism Map of India | National Highways in India | India Railway Routes |

INDIA CITY MAPS:

Ahmadabad | Bangalore | Chennai | Coimbatore | Delhi | Hyderabad/Secunderabad | Kochi | Kolkata | Mumbai | Pondicherry | Pune | Surat |

KERALA TRAVEL MAPS:

Alappuzha | Ernakulam | Idukki | Kannur | Kasaragod | Kollam | Kottayam | Kozhikode | Malappuram | Palakkad | Pathanamthitta | Thiruvananthapuram | Thrissur | Wayanad |