KERALA INFO: Malappuram District Information
Malappuram District Information
by by V.A.Ponmelil (All rights reserved by the author) (Feedback)
Density per km2
345 cm (Annual)
Malappuram meaning a land a tops hills is situated 50 kms south-east of Kozhikode, bounded by the Nilgiri Hills in the east, the Arabian sea in the west and Thrissur and Palakkad districts in the south. The rivers like the Chaliyar, the Kadalundi and the Bharathappuzha enrich the district of Malappuram.
The region was the military headquarters of the Zamorins of Kozhikode since ancient times. This district was the venue for many of the Mappila revolts against the British East India Company in Kerala between 1792 and 1921. It was a place of cultural heritage with learning centres for Hindu-Vedas and Islamic philosophy. The temples and mosques of this district are well known for their spectacular festivals. Along with historic moments and diverse natural attractions, a range of cultural and ritual art forms add to its value as a destination worth visiting.
The new district of Malappuram was formed with four taluks, Ernad, Perinthalmanna, Tirur and Ponnani, four statutory towns, fourteen developmental blocks and ninetyfive panchayats. Two more taluks namely Tirurangadi and Nilambur were formed later by bifurcating Tirur and Ernad taluk. At present Malappuram District consists of 2 Revenue Divisions, 6 Taluks, 135 Villages, 14 blocks, 5 Muncipalities and 100 panchayats.
In earlier times, Malappuram was the head quarters of European and British troops and later it became the head quarters of the Malabar Special Police (M.S.P). This place has still the ruins of an ancient fort built by Tippu Sultan. Malappuram was also the scene of the Malabar rebellion of 1921 which was suppressed by the Malabar Special Police (M.S.P). Prior to 1947, the area covered by the present district formed part of Kozhikode, Ernad, Valluvanad and Ponnani taluks of the erstwhile Madras Presidency. However, large scale changes in the territorial jurisdiction of this tract took place in 1957 and 1969.
On 1st January 1957, Tirur taluk was newly formed taking portions of Ernad and Ponnani taluks. Another portion of Ponnani taluk was transferred to the newly formed Chavakkad taluk, while the residuary portion was known as Ponnani taluk. Perinthalmanna was a new taluk formed out of the erstwhile Valluvanad taluk. Of these, Ernad and Tirur continued under Kozhikode district and Perinthalmanna as well as Ponnani under the Palakkad district.
Places of Interest
Adyanpara, Angadipuram, Thirunavaya, Nilambur, Pazhayangadi Mosque, Kottakunnu, Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary, Biyyam Kayal, Valiya Juma Masjid
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